The preventing in Bataan in April 1942 introduced traumatic recollections to National Artist for Literature Lazaro Francisco (1898-1980), whose biography (first draft solely) I’ve written on the request of the household.
Killed on the frontlines had been his eldest son, Lazaro Jr., 19, and his youngest brother, David, 27, believed to have died in the Bataan Death March.
From this bitter expertise got here certainly one of Francisco’s biggest novels, “Sugat ng Alaala” (Ateneo University Press, 1995), impressed by the tragedy that befell the household, as with many different Filipino households
Then there was the then Lt. (later Major) Joe Rogers, devoted husband of the distinguished actress-director Naty Crame Rogers, one other main artist whose biography I’ve had the consideration of writing.
His father had been an officer in the course of the Philippine- American War, realized Tagalog, married a Batangas magnificence, and had many youngsters together with her, amongst them Joe.
Like his father, Joe Rogers grew to become a army man and served in Bataan. He participated in the Death March from Mariveles, Bataan, to San Fernando, Pampanga, after which lastly to the notorious focus camp in Capas, Tarlac.
Along the way in which he witnessed the brutalities inflicted upon his comrades by the Japanese troopers. By dint of will, he survived, and he lived till the age of 87.
And so yearly, right now, there are applicable ceremonies on Mt. Samat, Bataan, and Capas, Tarlac (and on Corregidor in May), to commemorate the sufferings and valor of the Filipino and American forces who fought and died in that battle.
There was a Freedom Trail of 160 kilometers from Mariveles to Capas that ended on the city’s National Shrine, with its towering obelisk.
The actions had been introduced by Automobile Association of the Philippines and the Tourism Promotion Board of the Department of Tourism.
There was a Freedom Run which began in Mariveles; a motorcycle run (“Padyak para sa Kagitingan”); and, inside Capas, a Freedom March.
Guest of honor in the course of the closing ceremonies on the National Shrine was former President Fidel V. Ramos.
An American speaker, Col. Ralph Liebhaber, famous that whereas the “numerically superior forces” of the British Empire surrendered to the Japanese, the Filipino forces continued to struggle tenaciously, to the shock of the Japanese, till the autumn of Bataan in April and Corregidor in May.
One of the highlights of this system was the recreation of the hardships endured in the Death March by youthful members of the Philippine Living Society, clad in Filipino and Japanese army uniforms.
That was a great transfer. Let not the youth neglect the sufferings of their grandparents in the holocaust that was World War II in Asia and the Pacific. —CONTRIBUTED
Subscribe to INQUIRER PLUS to get entry to The Philippine Daily Inquirer & different 70+ titles, share as much as 5 devices, take heed to the information, obtain as early as 4am & share articles on social media. Call 896 6000.